Health and Wellness

Red wine: Imbibe moderately, stay healthy

Red wine: Imbibe moderately, stay healthy
Written by Banani Chakraborty

Red wine imbibes moderately and stays healthy. According to evidence base suggestion, moderate consumption may help people to live longer. Every year millions of people all over the world die due to drinking alcohol. Yet, humans are imbibing for millennia. However, it has gained a reputation during the last few decades that it is good for human’s health. To be more precise, red wine is particularly good for our heart health and our longevity. To tell the truth, death due to drinking alcohol is a worldwide concern.

Table of Contents

Red wine: Imbibe moderately, stay healthy:

To begin with, there were extensive studies on wine, particularly red wine. Additionally, it can protect certain cancers. Further, it improves both our mental and heart health. It works as a mood changer.

Centuries ago, people use it to treat various health conditions. Even, the monks in medieval monasteries lived longer than other people partly due to regular and moderate consumption of wine.

In recent years, science also indicates that it may be true.

However, only moderate drinking may provide any health benefits.

As per United States (U.S.)  dietary guidelines 2015 to 2020, moderate drinking means, “Up to one drink per day for women, and up to two drinks per day for men, and only by adults of legal drinking age.”

Some people will avoid drinking. It is always better to abstain or quit drinking alcoholic beverages in any form. But, if you make a goal of drinking, then consult a doctor, at first. If the doctor suggests that you can drink, then only start drinking. Thereafter, set your goal of daily or weekly consumption.

After the end of a hectic day schedule, one glass of red wine with music may help you to relish.

However, this article is not to encourage you to drink. But, I hope this article will help you to make the right decision. Read it carefully.

What are Fast facts on the possible benefits of red wine?

  • At first, it contains a high amount of resveratrol which may provide several health benefits.
  • Secondly, berries and grapes serve better than this wine as a source of resveratrol. Therefore, eating berries and grapes than it is always better.
  • Thirdly, this resveratrol may protect some type of cancer as well as vision loss. It also boosts heart health.
  • Further, it is healthier than other sorts of alcoholic beverages.
  • Moreover, men should drink no more than two glasses daily while women are just one.

What is red wine and how is it made?

To begin with, red and dark-coloured whole grapes are crushed and fermented to make this wine. There are several types of wine with different taste and colour. Generally, alcohol content ranges between 12 to 15%.

One glass of it provides about 125 calories of energy, 3.8 grams of carbohydrates and no cholesterol.

What are the Colours of Red Wine?

The colours of this wine differ as:

  • Intense violate young wines.
  • Brick red: mature Wine.
  • Brown: older wine

What are the most popular red wines in India?

Best red wine brands in India

source google image

Some common varieties are

  • Sula Dindori Reserve Shiraz.
  • Chateau d’Ori Cabernet Merlot.
  • Myra Misfit.
  • KRSMA Sangiovese.
  • Fratelli Sette (Red).
  • Sula Rasa or Rasa Shiraz.
  • Kinvah Manthan.
  • Grover Zampa chene.
  • SDU Deva Cabernet Sauvignon.
  • Seagram’s Nine Hills Cabernet Sauvignon.
  • Big Banyan Merlot.

What are the Non-alcoholic wines?non alcoholic wine

  • Ariel Cabernet Sauvignon Red Wine.
  • Zinfandel from FRE.
  • Regis Reserve Chardonnay.
  • Pierre Chavin Zero Rose’ Wine.
  • Lussory Premium Merlot Red Wine.
  • Sutter Home FRE Premium Red Blend Wine.
  • Pure Vitis Merlot Organic Grape Juice.

What are the best red wine brands in the world?

The best of these wine brands are:

  • French Beaujolais.
  • Australian Shiraz.
  • Merlot Wine.
  • Cabernet Sauvignon.
  • Italian Chianti.
  • Barbera Wine.
  • German Spatburgunder (Pinot Noir).
  • Californian Zinfandel.
  • French Bordeaux.
  • Malbec Wine.

What are Red Wine Types or varietal Chart?

At first, it will help you to understand the major varieties of this wine.

Red Wines Aromas and flavours Body
Cabernet Sauvignon Blueberries, raspberries, cassis, oaky, black currant Heavy
Pinot Noir Berries, cherry, Strawberry Light-medium
Sangiovese Fruity, cherry, spice Light to medium
Merlot Vanilla, currant, blackberry, chocolate, plum. Medium
Malbec Strawberry, cherry, plum Medium
Syrah Blackberry, peppery, cinnamon, spice Medium to heavy
Barbera Red fruits, berries Medium
Petite Sirah Jammy, blackberry, pepper Heavy
Zinfandel Cherry, berries, earthy, jammy Medium to heavy
Cabernet Franc Raspberry, herbaceous, cassis Medium

 

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What are the Nutrition Facts of red wine?

As per the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), nutrition facts of one glass (180 ounces) of this wine is as follows:

  • Calories: 153.
  • Carbohydrates: 4.72 grams.
  • Fat: 0 gram.
  • Fibre: 0 gram.
  • Protein: 0.1 gram.
  • Sugars: 1.11 grams
  • Sodium: 7.2 milligrams.

What will be the Ideal consumption of red wine?

Or

How much red wine should you drink?

  • Female of any age will drink a maximum of one drink glass daily.
  • Male above 65 years of age will drink a maximum of one glass daily.
  • A male below 65 years of age will drink a maximum of two glasses daily.



Some also suggest having weekly 1-2 alcohol-free days.  Most importantly, remember that the above amount refers to all types of alcohol intake, not only red wine intake.
Red Wine

However, if you have any health problem, then consult your doctor. If you cross the limit, then it may cause a lot of problems in your life. Some of them are very fatal. Even, it may cause your death. Therefore, follow the limit strictly.

What cautions will undergo for drinking alcohol?

Or

What are the negative health effects of drinking too much alcohol?

The above-mentioned quantity of wine consumption may bring some health benefits. But drinking more than the recommended amount of alcoholic beverages may create health hazards like:

  • Heart failure.
  • Cardiomyopathy
  • Stroke
  • Hypertension
  • Depression
  • Cirrhosis
  • Addiction
  • Liver and pancreas diseases.
  • Certain types of cancer.
  • High blood pressure.
  • Weight gain and obesity. (Also read lose your weight naturally).
  • Fatty liver.
  • Accidents, violence and suicide.

What are the ingredients of Red wine? 

This wine contains some plant compounds and antioxidants. They are resveratrol, proanthocyanidins, catechin and epicatechin. Added to this, is flavonoids or to be more precise anthocyanins. It provides overall health benefits.

What about Resveratrol?

At first, it is a plant-based compound. Moreover, it acts as antioxidants. Some plants produce it to prevent bacteria and fungi along with protecting against ultra-violate (UV) radiation.

Skins of red grapes is a wonderful source of it. Besides, blueberries, cranberries and peanuts also contain it to some extent. Resveratrol in red wine comes from these sources. It is also available in supplement form.

The evidence says it may better cardiovascular health, fighting inflammation as well as blood clotting. Apart from this, it can fight off cancer. Furthermore, it aids in acne treatment. Besides, it is good for our bone, skin and hair. It also provides us with some other benefits.

Although this wine contains resveratrol, consuming it to have resveratrol is not a good way. Because the consumption of alcohol may bring some other risks. Apart from this, the benefits of it need more researches.

What are Proanthocyanidins?

It may decrease oxidative damage in the body. This also helps to fight cancer and heart issues.

What are the Benefits of consumption of red wine?

NEGATIVE AND POSITIVE HEALTH BENEFITS OF RED WINE

source Canva.com

Research suggests several benefits of consuming this wine.

What are the Health Benefits of red wine consumption?

This wine provides various health benefits. Below are the various health benefits of consumption of moderate this wine:

1. Raising levels of omega-3 fatty acid:

Any alcoholic drink, particularly red wine, may enhance omega-3 fatty acids red blood cells as well as plasma. It is beneficial for overall heart health.

Generally, we get it from fish. Some foods amazingly rich in omega-3 fatty acid are mackerel, salmon, cod liver oil, oysters, walnuts, flaxseed oil, canola oil, etc.

In a study of 1604 adult participants, researchers found a higher level of omega-3 fatty acid among those who regularly drink moderate wine.

2.Healthy blood vessels and blood pressure:

Procyanidins compounds are usually found in red wine. They assist to maintain the health of the blood vessels. Consequently, it controls blood pressure. Scientists of the United Kingdom (U.K.) found it in 2006. Traditional production techniques seem to be most productive in extracting the compounds. Therefore, it leads to a higher amount of procyanidins in wine.


Several people find that an alcoholic drink can reduce blood pressure. But the results available in the year 2012, show that nonalcoholic red wine is also able to reduce blood pressure.

3. Healthy blood vessels and blood pressure:

Resveratrol can better heart health in many ways. In 2016, researchers suggested that it can affect the gut microbiome and so it can reduce the danger of heart disease.

4.Brain damage after stroke:

According to the researchers of Johans Hopkins University School of Medicine, resveratrol may guard the brain against the damages due to stroke. Result of testing on mice revealed that resveratrol can increase the amount of heme oxygenase. It is an enzyme. It aids in protecting the damage of nerve cells in the brain. Due to higher enzyme levels, the brain remains ready to protect itself at the time of stroke.

5. Heart health and type-2 diabetes:

Another study found that drinking one glass of red wine at the time of dinner can modestly reduce cardiovascular risk to type-2 diabetic patients. Thus, a reasonable intake of this wine is harmless.

According to the belief of scientists, ethanol in wine is vital in metabolizing glucose.  Added to this is polyphenols. But it needs more research.

However, diabetic patients will consult their doctor regarding alcohol consumption.

6.Preventing liver disease:

Several people face the risk of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Compared to never drinking men, sensible consumer of wine bears less risk of NAFLD. Nondrinkers face almost double in number, the risk.

There is some controversy regarding the findings of the researchers from the University of California San Diego School of Medicine.

Only moderate drinkers will enjoy this benefit. They suggested up to one glass daily consumption of wine for people who have the risk of NAFLD along with coronary heart disease. They also said that people who drink beer or liquor instead of red wine bears four times higher risk.

7.Improving lung function and preventing lung cancer:

According to one study, low amounts of red wine, as well as a lesser amount of white wine, may improve lung function. Moreover, it may avoid lung cancer cells from proliferating.

8. Reducing the risk of depression:

Researchers from Spain in 2013 revealed that wine consumption may diminish the risk of depression. It is one sort of stress. They studied 5500 male and female aged between 55 to 80 years over 7 years.

Considering lifestyle factors the researchers found that people who consume wine between two to seven glasses in a week were less likely to face a diagnosis of depression.

9.Preventing colon cancer:

U.K. scientists in 2015 found that consumption of resveratrol reduces the size of bowel tumours. Consuming a low amount of it can reduce the tumour size around 50 per cent while higher doses reduce it about 25 per cent.

10. Protection from prostate cancer:

According to a study report published in 2007, people who drink a moderate amount of red wine are around 50 per cent less prone to prostate cancer than those who never drink it. Researches defined weekly drinking of four to seven glasses of this wine as moderate.

Even who drank weekly one glass of this wine were six per cent (6%) less likely to suffer from prostate cancer than those who never drank it.

11. Preventing breast cancer:

If anyone consumes regularly, then most of the alcoholic drinks increase the threat of breast cancer. But women may show their gratitude to the chemicals in the seeds along with the skins of the red grapes. Women who regularly consume red wine moderately may remain safe from this risk.

Generally, alcohol can increase the estrogen level in women. It inspires the growth of cancer cells. Red wine contains aromatase inhibitors (Als). White wine also contains a lesser amount of it. This aromatase inhibitors decrease estrogen and increase testosterone levels in women who are approaching menopause.

Grapes provide these beneficial compounds, not this wine. Therefore, it is healthier to eat grapes instead of it. However, for a woman, this wine is always more preferable than other beverages.

But scientists do not agree with this claim. According to them “Alcoholic beverages cause breast cancer independent of beverage type”.

12. Preventing dementia:

Loyola University Medical Centre in their long-term study of data from 19 countries found that moderate, regular red wine drinkers in 14 nations are less vulnerable to dementia. According to the investigators as resveratrol can reduce the stickiness of blood platelets, so it helps keep the blood vessels open and flexible. As a result, it ensures a good supply of blood to the brain.

The researchers concluded that they do not recommend the nondrinkers to start drinking. But moderate drinking of this wine may be beneficial as red wine contains more amount of resveratrol than white wine.

Further, a 2015 study revealed that a high amount of this resveratrol seemed to stabilize an important biomarker for Alzheimer’s.

13.Preventing dental cavities:

A research report published in the Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry (ACS) in 2014.  It revealed that red wine may get rid of dental bacteria. Therefore, it may check dental cavities.

14.Preventing vision loss:

According to the report published in 2010, resveratrol in red wine may protect vision loss due to uncontrollable blood vessel growth in the eye.

Leading causes of chronic blindness throughout the world are:

  • Diabetic retinopathy.
  • Age-related macular degeneration.
  • Cataract
  • Glaucoma
  • Refractive errors.
  • Trachoma
  • Corneal opacities.
  • Childhood blindness.

Angiogenesis is an abundance of blood vessels in the eye. This may be due to age-related macular degeneration and diabetic retinopathy among the people aged 50 years and more. Angiogenesis causes vision problems among them who have diabetes, cardiovascular disease, atherosclerosis and other causes of retinal detachment.

15. Lowers Cholesterol Levels:

Due to antioxidants, red wine is not only able to enhance good cholesterol, but also reduces the amount of bad cholesterol.


Studies revealed that a glass of this wine daily for four weeks aids to increase good cholesterol level by 16 per cent. At the same time, it helps to lower the level of clotting compound, fibrinogen, by 15 per cent.

16.Reduces stress:

Moreover, it also works to reduce our stress level. Therefore, someone uses it as stress management techniques.

17. Improves sleep:

Red wine also contains melatonin. Actually, we will find it in grapes. In fact, it is helpful to regulate circadian rhythm. Therefore, it can aid in sleeping.

(If you want to know more about sleep, then read my following articles on sleep.

[Also, be aware of these sleep disorders:

What are the Skin Benefits for red wine?

1.Treating acne:

As per researchers, antioxidants and anti-inflammatory properties in resveratrol can help to treat acne. They also suggest that the combination of it with benzoyl peroxide when applied directly to the skin, it maximizes antibacterial activities.

But, no proof consuming red wine will also produce the same benefit.

2.Protecting from severe sunburn:

Scientists of Spain found that wine and grape derivatives can treat skin damages caused by the harmful effects of UV rays of sunlight. They found that UV rays when contacting human skin, they activate reactive oxygen species (ROS). It oxidizes fats, DNA as well as other large molecules. As a result, these stimulate other harmful enzymes for the skin cells.

As wine and grapes have flavonoids, therefore they prevent the ROS formation in the sun-exposed skin cells.

They also suggested to incorporate grapes and its derivatives into sun guard products instead of drinking more wine.

(For proper care of skin, read my following articles. They will help you to maintain your beauty.

3. Slows down ageing and makes skin glow:

This wine is also able to keep skin young. Polyphenols can protect cell oxidation which is responsible for skin ageing.

What are Red wine benefits for Hair?

We have already seen that it can help in blood circulation. So, it helps to circulate blood even to the scalp. Added to this, you can use it to rinse your hair before shampoo and after washing a conditioner.

It helps to lower inflammation as well as the formation of dead cells. Consequently, it helps to promote hair growth and makes it thicker.

Is red wine necessary to enjoy the health benefits?

No, it is not at all necessary to drink this wine to enjoy the above benefits.

If you can follow healthy eating habits, then you can easily enjoy all the above benefits or even more.

Moreover, you can use some of the following items daily:

From what age can I start taking red wine?

If you are an adult of ideal drinking age, then you can consume this wine.

You must remember the followings side effects of drinking:
  • Many other chronic diseases may result due to drinking of excessive alcohol.
  • Scientists found that around 3.6 per cent of worldwide cancer is due to alcohol.
  • However, in 2016, scientists revealed that alcohol may lead to invasive melanoma.
  • Besides, the U.K. government in 2016 issued a warning. According to that, there is no safe level of alcohol. Further, they advised people to eat less and exercise more to remain healthy.

Which is better, Red or white wine?

  • From the above discussion, it is clear that red wine is better than white wine.
  • However, there are controversies regarding the benefits of this wine over white wine.
You must avoid alcohol completely in case:

Always remember that you must avoid alcohol totally in case

  • At first, if you are pregnant.
  • Secondly, if you are undergoing some medications.
  • Moreover, if you have either pancreas or liver diseases issues related to alcohol consumption.
  • Further, if there is a prevailing personal or family history of alcoholism.
  • Furthermore, if you have a weak heart or heart-related problems.

If you have any doubt regarding alcohol consumption, then consult your doctor.

Should I drink more red wine?

It is worthy to note the U.S. Dietary guidelines 2015-2020 about alcohol.


“The Dietary Guidelines does not recommend that individuals begin drinking or drink more for any reason. The amount of alcohol and calories in beverages varies and should be accounted for within the limits of healthy eating patterns. Alcohol should be consumed only by adults of legal drinking age. There are many circumstances in which individuals should not drink, such as during pregnancy.”

What are the Best types of grapes that are used to make this wine?

  • Alicante Henri Bouschet.
  • Merlot
  • Cabernet Sauvignon.
  • Sangiovese
  • Barbera
  • Carmenere
  • Pinot Noir.
  • Nebbiolo
  • Isabella
  • Montepulciano
  • Carignan
  • Grenache
  • Zinfandel
  • Malbec
  • Barbera
  • Tempranillo
  • Syrah or Shiraj.

Finally, the benefits of red wine are mainly due to resveratrol. If we want to enjoy the benefits of resveratrol, then we can directly eat grapes, berries and peanuts to avail the health benefits. In fact, it is a healthier option. Therefore, there is no valid reason to encourage alcohol consumption.

As a matter of fact, there are other effective ways to improve health conditions. Drinking either red wine or other forms of wines to attain these benefits is simply worthless.

Indeed, we all want more and more success in life. Due to this, we require some attitudes which ultimately decides our success. Also, read some other topics to get success in life:

The following topics will help you to save and enjoy life.

Savings is another very important subject in everyone’s life
Also, read my tour and travel-related articles in some must-visit places in India.

There are several magnificent tourist attractions in both West Bengal as well as Sikkim wherefrom we can get breath-taking views of Mount Kanchenjunga. Generally, tourists all over the globe visit these places. At first, you read these articles. If you want to visit Either West Bengal or Sikkim, then these articles will help a lot.

Some other wonderful hill stations which are a must-visit for all the tourists as well as all the nature lovers in the world.

There are some places with either historical or religious or both significance. Therefore you must visit these places, at least, once in your lifetime. These places are:

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Also, read general awareness with massive utility in our life like:

About the author

Banani Chakraborty

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