The City of splendours, Murshidabad is a district town in West Bengal. It was the last capital of independent Bengal. It was capital from 1917 to 1973. The main attraction for the tourists in this city is the Hazarduari Palace. The city is also famous due to the production of its silk.
In fact, there are a lot of wonderful grandeurs in India. When we make a list of the top 10 of them this magnificent palace will come in that list.
Murshidabad: a place to spend a weekend
Murshidabad is on the banks of the river Bhagirathi. ( Also read, why our rivers are drying). In fact, it was the last capital of independent Bengal, named after Nawab Murshid Quli Khan. Most importantly in the true sense, it is a city of Nawabi splendours.
Therefore tourists from all over the world come here every year to see a glimpse of the Nawabi lifestyle.
(Foreigners also come in numbers to see the following places:
The main attraction of visiting is Hazarduari Palace.
Murshidabad: a place to spend weekend attractions-
It is a combination of Indian, Italian and Greek architectural styles.
Most importantly the Palace, spreads over 41 acres of land, on the eastern bank of River Bhagirathi (only 40 ft. away).
Besides, it is 80ft. high, three-storied, rectangular in shape, standing on “gambuj” within an area whose length is 130 meters and breadth is 61 meters (425×200 sq.)
Because it is on the eastern bank of the River Bhagirathi,
Therefore the palace faces north to get the view of the river. Besides 108ft.long staircase with 37 stairs, made of stone most probably the largest in India.
The pediment is on 7 huge pillars of 18 feet (5.5 m) each at the base. Two statues of masonry Victorian lions are on two sides. Most importantly there are large gates to enter the palace.
Through these main gates, you will enter the Nahabat Khanas(musicians’ gallery). Because they are very big in size that even a full-size elephant could pass with a “howdah” on its back.
Hazar means “thousand” and Duari means ” doors”. Therefore Hazarduari means “a palace with a thousand doors”.
Therefore there are a total of 1000 ornamented doors in the Palace. Among those 1000 doors, 900 are original doors. But the rest of 100 doors do not have existence. They resemble the original doors.
This palace is now used as a museum. It is the biggest in India. It has 20 displayed galleries,120 rooms, 4742 antiquities –1034 are displayed for the public.
Weapons- bows, arrows, knives, spears, guns, pistols, revolvers, cannons, lances, shields, rifles and so on used by Nawab,
with a crystal chandelier hung from the vaulted roof (2nd largest, 1 st in Bakimham Palace); see the royal silver throne to sit, a “Hookah”, marble candle stands, the ball made of Belgium Glass, hanging from the ceiling; Assamese bamboo;
The Magic Mirrors in Murshidabad
one cannot see one’s own face but others can. Several huge oil paintings of Nawabi family at different times and moods;
several landscapes; portraits; palanquins of silver, gold, and ivory; bronze statues; colourful vases of ceramic; collections of Farman’s and manuscripts (notably Ain-E-Akbari); decorative lamps, etc. can be found here.
Since 1985, the maintenance charge of this palace is bestowed to the Archaeological Survey of India.
Clock Tower –
It is between Hazarduari and Imambara. It has a large and heavy bell at the top.
Beside is Bachchawali Top. The barrel is 11′6″ long, the diameter of 7′9″ and weight is 7657 kg.
The stunning 680 feet long Nizamat Imambara be the biggest in Bengal, and maybe even in India.
Madina is one of the most sacred Muslim places in Bengal. It is a replica of Hazrat Muhammad’s tomb at Madina.
The Madina Mosque remains open for a public visitation at the time of Muharram for 10 days.
Wasif Manzil —
Palace – It is located at the south end of Hazarduari. Besides, it is ‘new’ and smaller but equally beautiful.
It is almost half a mile away from Hazarduari Palace. It is situated over an area of 3.51 acres, this cemetery was built by Mir Jafar. To tell the truth, it is a ruined palace of Mir Jafar.
As a matter of fact, Nawab Murshid Quli Khan built it in the year 1723. Although, it is almost damage, still well maintained. It is actually the tomb of Murshid Quli Khan. Because he was buried under the entrance staircase.
In fact, it is a miniature of Kaba Mosque in Mucca (area 40×7.5m.).
Besides the brick building, a quadrangular mosque surrounded by double storied domed cells stands on a square plinth.
Octagonal and taper upwards four big miners stand at the four corners of which the two towers(minaret)at the front sides are with a height of around 70 feet and a diameter of around 25 meters. It has no pillar as support.
A raised platform and several arches give the necessary support for the entire structure.
There were winding staircases in the miners so that we can go to the top and see the brilliant view of the town Murshidabad. Miners have winding staircases to go to the top and can see Murshidabad from there.
Both the Archaeological Survey of India and the West Bengal State Government are maintaining and protecting it very well.
The main mosque had five domes. Over 2000 people can offer their prayers in the mosque at a time. However, You can see the brilliance of terracotta in some places.
The Topekhana with 7ton and 18ft. tall cannon, Jahan Kosha (Destroyer of the world). Besides is Kadam Sharif where Hazrat Mohammad’s footprint is being kept. Therefore it is another attractive place nearby
Fouti Masjid is on the west side of Katra Masjid. Most importantly, local people say and believe that the nawab built this masjid within a night. Now it is almost ruined.
Motijhil (Pearl Lake) This horseshoe-shaped lake, in Murshidabad is very beautiful. There is a palace adjoining it (now in ruins). To tell the truth, it was a Historical palace. It was the home of Warren Hastings when he was the president at this durbar. It is also famous as “Company Bagh” due to the fact that East India Company occupied that.
Khosh Bagh (Garden of Happiness)-
In the first place, it is a beautiful garden. In fact, this beautiful garden is actually a cemetery of Nawab Alaverdi Khan and other Nawabi Family Members.
Kathgola-this unique palace is made of wood.
Besides, you may see in Murshidabad are:
- At first, he fascinating terracotta works at BARANAGAR temples.
- Then, Cossimbazar Rajbari and
- Finally, Karnasubarna
Murshidabad ( District, not town) is also famous for mangoes.
How to Go Murshidabad.
Hazarduari Express, Bhagirathi Express, and Lalgola Passenger. Because you need 4 – 5.30 hours to reach here from Kolkata. Therefore you will do well if you start early in the morning for Baharampur and Murshidabad. Besides, you may take Lalgola Passenger from Sealdah at 23 hours and reach Baharampur around 4.30 am.
It is my opinion that come by those trains where reserve seats are available.
Besides, you may go by bus from DHARMATALA or by hired cars. Buses are easily available from Kolkata and other parts of the state to go to Baharampur city.
Distance from Murshidabad:
WHERE TO STAY in Murshidabad
|Hotel Manjusha, Lalbagh, +91 3482 270321.|
|Indrajit +91 9836381994.|
|Samrat, NH 34, Panchanantala, +91 251147.|
|Anwesha, Lalbagh (near Hazarduari), +91 9434115470.|
To begin with, there are a number of hotels in Baharampur with better accommodations and foods and amenities. Because it is a district headquarter and there is the rush of all sorts of people throughout the year. Therefore I will advise you always to stay at Baharampur and avoid Murshidabad to stay at night.
In Baharampur, you may taste local chana or paneer. It is very tasty.
( Also read Bengali Food.)
While visiting on the bank of Bhagirathi in the evening at Baharampur, you may remember Kaikhali.
1. At first, we need to use sunscreen. We will keep rose water and use it when necessary. At night, we will follow the necessary skin care routine. This is more necessary for those who have flawless skin.
2. Secondly, we should try to use bottled water.
3. Thirdly, we will carry all the necessary medicines.
5. We should bring sufficient woollen garments if we are visiting in the winter season.
6. While travelling Murshidabad, we shall try to use fruits like
In the first place, we can eat them while travelling without wasting vital time. Secondly, they will keep us full for a prolonged time. Thirdly, we will get the necessary protein and antioxidants. Fourthly, they are healthy and provide us with the necessary energy.
To tell the truth, frequent travellers have a tour fund as well as a list of tour goals.
To create it, I will request you to read the following articles which will definitely help you:
- How to grow our savings.
- Savings Account.
- Mutual Fund.
- Save money being a housewife.
- How to save money.
We will enjoy this tour of Murshidabad. Therefore, we will be able to pass a few days without stress.
Best Time to Visit Murshidabad:
The best time to visit Murshidabad is from October to March. This time, the sky remains clear. It is not to hot so that visiting can be impossible. There is hardly any disturbance of rain.
We must remember, that any type of tour will act as part of
- Stress management techniques.
- Love and relations.
- Role of parents.
- Sound and sufficient sleep. ( Also read, deep sleep.)
As we are able to attain a tour goal ( visit Murshidabad), it will increase our self-esteem.
Furthermore, enjoyment and relaxations will give us ample motivations.
For these, we will show our gratitude to
- God, to fulfil the goal and heart-throb enjoyment.
- The nawabs and the architectures for such wonderful and amazing creations.
Hope, you will go and enjoy and return home with a heart full of contentment.