Incredible India


educate girls change the world
Written by Banani Chakraborty

Educate Girls can change the world. Therefore deliberate and significant improvement of Girls Education enables them to provide better health care.

Educate Girls can change the world.

To begin with, the world already experienced that educate girls can bring a great change to the country. As they get education they know how to remain healthy. Moreover, they get the chance to earn like a male candidate. As a result, theses girls can improve the condition of their families. As our families grow, they, in turn, can better our society. Consequently, our country is bound to flourish.

As a matter of fact, educate girls can bring all-round changes to their families. Therefore, they can change their society also. As a result, the country and the whole world can transform.

These are some stern realities.

  • If all the girls are educated at least up to secondary level, 60 per cent adolescent pregnancy will diminish.
  • If all women can complete even the primary education, the new baby death rate will become 15 per cent less.
  • Almost 50 per cent of children of illiterate mothers do not survive for over 6 years.

But, around 759 million adults, age of 15 or more are illiterate worldwide.

Therefore, we need to observe October 11 the International Day of the Girl. We should take an oath that we will educate the girls of our family. Only then our country can develop.

As a result, improvement in girls’ education can serve as female empowerment and improve their present condition and outlook of our society. Because of the increased educate girls, our society is gaining developments. So we must try to educate girls as much as possible.



Age group

Total population Illiterate rate


Girls illiterate
7-18 years 30.76crore 3.60 crore(11.7%) 1.9 crore(53%)
10-14 years 2.52 crore(9.9%) 1.42crore(56%)
15-19 years 78.23 lakhs

Around 4 crores of girl children leave school every year in India which is the highest in the world.

Out of them, almost 40% of girls are in the age group of 15-18 years. Nearly 30% of girls are belonging to poor families. This is the necessity of why to educate the girls.

In the first place, discriminations based on gender against girl children are common scenarios worldwide. Therefore in all sections of the society, it is visible in various forms.

Besides, women empowerment and gender equality are still hallucinations despite being an important component of Millennium Development Goals (MDG).

Therefore to measure the status of gender equality,

to educate girls child is an important social issue.

Moreover, it acts as an indicator of the development of the country.

The 2011 census of India reveals the fact that the female literacy rate is 65% against male literacy of 82%. Besides, among slum children of around 1.12 crore, 2.15% never attend school.

Level-wise Enrolment in School & Higher Education 2014-15



Level Male Female Total
Primary(I-V) 67609 62892 130501
Upper Primary(VI-VIII) 34501 32664 67165
Secondary(IX_X) 20121 18180 38301
Senior Secondary(XI-XII) 12440 11061 23501


In India, it is found that approximately 9 lakhs educate girls either dropped or did not carry on from Class IX. It came out from the report of UDISE.

In India, only 35% of girl children complete 10 years of schooling or higher education.

Out of them, only 27% are from rural background. The most concerned fact is that out of every 10 girl child, who was admitted to the school.

Only 1 of them completes 10 or more years of education and the rest 9 girl child leave school for different reasons. Therefore, the most alarming is that only 1 out of every 100 girl child completes class X11 or higher education.

Most importantly as per the 2011 census over 10 crores of the girl got married for various reasons before attaining17 years of age. Out of them over 6crores are illiterate i.e. not attended any sort of education

Around 3 crores girl children not even complete their primary education.

Around 8 crores of girls that are married before 17 are in the age group of 14-17 years. Besides, around 2 crores of them are below 13 years of age. Most importantly, among the girl child-marriage, a little less than 8 crores are from rural India. This is due to the lack of developing educated girls in the country.


Gross Enrolment Ratio(GER) 2014-15


Level Male Female Total
Primary(I-V) 98.9 101.4 100.1
Upper Primary(VI-VIII) 87.7 95.3 91.2
Secondary(IX-X) 78.1 78.9 78.5
Senior Secondary(XI-XII) 54.6 53.8 54.2
Higher Education 25.3 23.2 24.3


Therefore the situation of Drop out the scenario of educating girls from the rural and marginalized sections of the society continues to be severe. Besides a number of socio-economic barriers making access to higher education difficult for the girls after completion of primary education.

Causes for lack of girl’s education

  •  Poor parents are not able to educate their girls due to their poverty.
  • Parents are reluctant to girl education. They insist their girls learn household activities so that they are accepted in the marriage market.
  • Parents are more interested in the boy’s education than a girl’s education.
  • Parents of adolescent girls, mainly in rural and slum areas, are afraid of sexual harassment for their child.
  • Puberty girls face privacy and sanitary problems and so left school.
  • Shortage of girls schools and lady teachers are also a big problem to educate the girls.
  • Girls may face various forms of violence in schools by teachers, peers, which forced the parents to remove them from school.
  • In rural areas, the long distance to school, is a barrier for girl’s education, as it takes a lumsome time to reach.
  • Due to Nonexistence of girl’s washroom and sanitary problems family forced girls to stay at home rather going to school.

Children between 6-14 years have the right to guaranteed free and compulsory schooling in India. The right is given in India’s Right to Education Act 2009. This is a very positive step to educate the girls.

But secondary school children, belonging to 15-18years of age group have been excluded from this benefit. Central Government allocates only around 3% of GDP as an education budget for a financial year.

This is quite insufficient for improvement in education from the grass-root level.

Most importantly our Central and State Governments sincerely want success in the field of education they will have to increase this allocation significantly. It should be at least a 6%plus of GDP.




  • At first, we will have to deliver gender-sensitive learning environments for the sake of educate girls.
  • Then we will enchant boys and men of the family, in promoting girls’ and women’s rights for education.
  •  Further, the authority shall provide girls with a learning environment that is free of violence, abuse, and bullying in schools.
  •  However, we will make Mid-Day Meal programs a success. As a result, it will keep girls’ stomachs full. Therefore, their brains will be more active.
  • Moreover, the Government should offer parents incentives if they educate their girls. Consequently, it will be a reason for the parents to send their daughters to school.
  • Because to make the girls self-sufficient, Village Savings and loan associations(VSLA)has undergone a various professional training program and girls’ scholarships in order to give girls income and financial freedom.
  • Therefore the Central Government should undergo some fruitful policies for the spreading of ground-level education.
  • Besides for the spreading of girl education girls school and lady, teachers are needed urgently.
  • Bathrooms and toilets should be made everywhere. Besides, they need proper sanitation and maintenance. Consequently, privacy and sanitary problems of girl students will not arise.
  • Most importantly Child Marriage Law should be properly implemented so that the guardians be afraid of thinking about the marriage of their adolescent daughters.
  • Besides, the government should advertise properly to educate girls.



Not to mention that we have to increase the number of educating girls. In turn, they will prevent child marriage and early pregnancy. As a result, it will help to build a stable community.

In fact, it is necessary to give the women a decision-making space in their houses. As a result, domestic women’s violence will decrease significantly.

As a result, there is a lot of benefits to educate the girls for the country. The authority should try to give at least formal secondary education to them. This will manifold the benefits. Above all, educated girls can contribute to building a healthy and progressive society.



About the author

Banani Chakraborty

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